What to Eat Before and After Surgery
December 21 2019
Healing Foods After Surgery
If you have come through surgery, one of the main determinants of your quick and excellent recovery is eating foods that promote healing after surgery. Do you want to know what foods to avoid before surgery and what foods to eat for constipation after surgery? Follow the list of our recommendations below.
The right healing foods after surgery depends on what kind of surgery was performed and which organ was operated. But there are some nutrition rules that all patients who are planning to undergone surgery must follow without exception.
List of Foods to Consume and Avoid Before Surgery
A healthy and balanced diet should be maintained for a few days before surgery, smoking should be eliminated (at least ten days before the procedure), and alcohol consumption should be reduced (24 hours before surgery it should be removed entirely). These harmful habits make circulation difficult, narrow the blood vessels, and increase blood pressure.
Your pre-surgery diet should consist of:
- Fruits and vegetables. They are easily digestible, which will help maintain your weight in the postoperative period when your body will need to rest. Vegetables and fruits are also rich in vitamin C, which promotes the formation of collagen, which is essential for subsequent recovery, increases the amount of energy, and promotes healing.
- Slow carbohydrates such as rice or pasta. They improve digestion, which is very important before acute medical interventions, as the suspension of the body during surgery promotes constipation. Fast carbohydrates are well-absorbed, help to improve mood, and activate the production of serotonin or the “happiness hormone,” which can be slowed down by a lack of motor activity and exercise.
- Proteins. Chicken or turkey meat, red meat, fish, eggs, seafood. They are the muscles’ best friends, which will be inactive for a few weeks after the operation – the latter is due to the mandatory state of rest after the intervention and the inability to lift any serious weight.
- Unsaturated fats. For fats to be useful to the body in preparation, they must be unsaturated: suitable avocado, olive oil, oily fish, nuts, and dried fruits. When used to the right extent, they are useful and necessary. But it’s essential to keep an eye on the weight.
The Day Before the Operation
As mentioned earlier, 24 hours before surgery, it is necessary to eliminate tobacco and alcohol, as well as coffee, which raises the pressure, increases arousal, and can provoke anxiety.
You need gradually reduce the amount of food you eat the night before surgery to promote healing and improve digestion. Stop eating and drinking water at midnight before surgery. If general anesthesia is required for the operation, fasting should be started earlier (as recommended by the doctor).
Here Are the Main Foods to Eat After Surgery
When your surgery has passed, it is necessary to follow general instructions in terms of nutrition:
- You are allowed to drink regular non-carbonated water for the first day after surgery
- As you recover, you can only consume liquid food after surgery for some time
- Eat six, if not all seven times a day in small portions
- The temperature of the dishes offered must not exceed 113 degrees
After gastric bypass surgery, the following products should be eaten for three days:
- Sweet tea, caffeine-free
- Freshly squeezed juices from fruits and vegetables
- Low-fat milk
- Sugar-free gelatin or popsicles
You should eat at least seven times a day. It is desirable to eat no more than one cup of liquid food at once. Not densely, of course, as such a diet prevents creating an additional load on the digestive system operated on. After three days, the post-surgery food diet becomes more diverse.
Healing Foods After Laparoscopic Surgery
It’s imperative to drink as a lot of liquid, as you did, before the medical procedure. On your first day at home, have light fluids and nourishments, for example, squeezed apples, soda, ice pops, soup, saltines, and toast to help counteract your stomach.
Maintain a strategic distance from citrus squeezes, for example, squeezed orange and tomato juice. You may slowly include nourishments. In the days after the medical procedure, you should be able to come back to your customary eating regimen.
Here are some food recommendations to recover after laparoscopic surgery.
- Lean meat and fish
- Lean meat and vegetable broths
- Dried white bread
- Skimmed dairy and fermented milk products
- Vegetable oils: sunflower, olive, linseed, corn
Meals After Intestinal Surgery
Those who have undergone intestinal surgery are strictly prohibited from eating fiber-rich foods (e.g., vegetables, fruits) for some time, as well as foods that require digestive work (e.g., beans, soybeans, peas).
Here are the healing foods after intestinal surgery:
- Wiped off porridge cooked in water or diluted milk
- Vegetable variations that do not contain vegetables;
- Hen eggs softened in the form of a steam omelet
- Fruit and berry jelly
- Smooth black and green teas
- Cocoa, unstable black coffee
- Freshly squeezed and diluted with water fruit and berry juices (except grape, plum, and apricot juices).
Bladder Surgery Diet
Products that contain oxalic acid should be avoided after bladder surgery:
Besides, marinades, sour fruits, fruit juices, and fermented milk products are prohibited.
General Recommendations from Doctors
- The food must be prepared in a steamy manner
- Use fractional food, in small amounts, but more often
- Keep eating schedule at the same time
For four to five days, white bread, breadcrumbs, and simple cookies are added to the portion in small amounts. On day six, buckwheat, wheat liquid porridge or oatmeal, cooked in the ratio of 1:1 with milk or water, fatty meats, and low-fat sour-milk meals are allowed. At the end of the week and for a period of up to one and a half months, a gentle diet should be followed. After this time, it is allowed to begin eating regular food.
This diet should consist of vegetable and fruit salads with vegetable fats or sour cream, chicken, rabbit, low-fat veal, porridge, milk, one egg every five days, and fasting for the first meal. Dessert may consist of jam, marmalade, honey, or marshmallow.
Notwithstanding the surgery, it is forbidden to eat:
- Spicy, fatty food, smoked food
- Supplies that excite the mucous membrane (onions, garlic, spices, pickles)
- Oily meat or poultry
- Soda, alcohol, and sweets
- Meals with a considerable amount of fiber (coarsely ground bread, legume family)
- Meals in extra cold or hot condition
Following a regular diet, it is possible to return to the standard way of life while consuming healing foods after the surgery.
Gynecologic Surgery Diet Plan
Adherence to the feeding regimen before and after gynecologic surgery is of great importance in the renewal of the female body in the first 24 hours. It is recommended to maintain a clear liquid diet the day before the surgery, here are some of the liquids allowed:
- Clear broths (chicken or beef)
- Juices (apple or cider)
- White grape juice
- Tea (with no milk or honey)
- Coffee (no milk or creamer)
- Jell-O (without fruit/no red Jell-O)
- Popsicles (without fruit/cream)
These meals are strictly not allowed in your pre-surgery day:
- Orange juice
- Tomato juice
- Creamy soup or any soup other than clear broth
- Solid foods
After the surgery, eating a cereal, liquid porridge-mash, containing fiber, is allowed. Bread, fatty milk, and soda are not permitted during this period. The menu should be enriched with light food, and you should avoid eating raw foods.
After a week, the diet should be significantly increased by adding leafy greens, low-fat meat, and fish delicacies processed with the steam method.
Heart Surgery Recovery Diet
A healthy eating routine after heart surgery is significant to your recuperation and promotes your continued healing while ensuring that your heart does not develop any further issues. Ideal nourishment can help you towards a speedy recovery, enabling you to recapture your quality of life and vitality.
A decent diet can assist you in controlling your weight, which is significant in maintain great cardiovascular wellbeing. Your primary care physician or a dietitian can work with you to make a meal plan that is suitable for you, yet here are some broad rules to remember while creating an eating routine after a heart medical procedure.
As indicated by the American Heart Association, your most solid option is to pick an assortment of:
- Organic products
- Entire grains
- Lean meats (counting fish)
- Low-fat dairy items
Cut the excess salt and sugar. Cut down your utilization of saturated fat, sugar, and salt, and keep away from:
- Prepared meats
- Lousy nourishment items
- Cheap food
Items like liver and organ meats, eggs, whole milk, spread, cream, entire milk cheeses, seared nourishments, and palm oil are high in immersed fat. Notwithstanding, pre-packaged lunch meats, canned soups, canned spaghetti sauce, TV dinners, small packaged snacks, and smoked fish are additionally high in salt. While picking an eating regimen after a heart medical procedure, these types of foods must be avoided.
Address Side Effects
It’s not abnormal to encounter issues like sickness, absence of hunger, and blockage following heart medical procedures. You might have the option to balance these issues by:
- Taking meds on a full stomach
- Drinking a lot of water and other solid liquids
- Eating less, increasing the number of meals you consume per day
By and large, heart patients ought to pursue a low-fat, low-cholesterol, high-fiber diet. The scheme of the postoperative nutrition system, built on the image of therapeutic diets for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, is somewhat stricter.
Post-Surgery Diet for the Quickest Scar Healing Process
For the quickest healing of wounds, the body needs products containing:
- Increased protein content (meat, fish provisions, poultry dishes)
- Vitamin A (orange fruits and vegetables, liver, eggs, dark green leafy vegetables)
- Vitamin C (citrus fruits, cabbage, sweet pepper, tomatoes, asparagus beans, leafy herbs)
- Zinc (meat and beef liver, seafood, legumes, herbs)
- Arachidonic acid (pork fat and liver)
- Fatty acids (oil and fish oil)
There is a high risk of dehydration immediately after surgery. Therefore, it is crucial to adhere to a competent drinking regimen: the patient should drink up to 52 ounces of water per day.
Hysterectomy Post-Surgery Diet
Effective rehabilitation needs to form the correct diet for the first three days after a hysterectomy. Alternatively, you can use the following scheme:
- First day: a glass of light, low-fat Greek yogurt
- The second day: unsalted, grated soup cooked with vegetable broth (small portions, two or three receptions)
- Day three: wiped vegetable soup and steam cutlet made of lean poultry meat (turkey or chicken).
The portions should be small, all products – low-fat and fresh. All dishes should be ground, moderately warm, and easy to digest. Salt should be avoided at all costs, as it can cause swelling.
Modern medicine recommends that at this stage of rehabilitation, the diet should be formulated in such a way that it’s caloric value is about 2800-2900 kcal. In practice, this is the following amount of food:
- The proteins should be 3.3 ounces
- Fats – 3.5 ounces
- Carbohydrates – 21 ounces.
Wellbeing is the main sign of proper and complete nutrition. If a woman feels very uncomfortable or is having severe or pulling back pains, stomach aches, fever, or other symptoms that indicate a problem, she should look more closely at her current nutrition system. A balanced diet after surgery will help your body to cleanse itself, regain strength, and start functioning within its new physiological condition.
Soft Food Diet after Appendix Removal Surgery
What should you eat after surgery in the first few days? The recovery period after appendicitis surgery lasts about two weeks. During this time, a special diet should be followed, which in the first days will help the body to recover and gain strength, and in the subsequent days will allow you to eat entirely without strain on the weakened gastrointestinal tract.
In the first 12 hours after the operation, food is prohibited, but at this time, as a rule, there is no appetite. Further, for three to four days of diet after appendicitis, it is recommended to eat the following dishes:
- Low-fat broths
- Broth of rosehip with sugar
- Black tea with sugar
- Rice decoction
- Jelly, diluted fruit juices
The diet after appendicitis does not allow drinking any whole milk or eating any solid foods in the first three days. On the 4th day of the diet after the appendix surgery, fresh soft fruit (bananas, peaches, grapes, persimmon) and vegetables (tomatoes, cucumbers) are added to the menu.
To replenish the weakened organism with protein, steam dishes from cottage cheese (soufflé, casseroles), boiled meat, and fish are prepared. It is useful to include in the diet some sour milk products (Greek yogurt), boiled or stewed vegetables (zucchini, cabbage, eggplant), butter, and lean cream.
Products that are contraindicated by diet after appendicitis:
- Sparkling mineral and sweet water
- Welded meat broths
- Dough products, white bread
- Canned and smoked foods
- Spices and spices
- Cakes, cookies, candy
The diet, after the operation, is based on the principle of fractional nutrition – often eat in small portions. You should not drink while consuming food. You need to wait an hour and a half so that the food can begin to be assimilated and not glued into a lump of incoming liquid.
Peculiar Properties of Taking Care of a Person After Surgery
Any surgery, even if it does not seem serious, involves a postoperative period. It is at this time that the human body is fragile, and the patient should be under the supervision of experienced professionals. There are often situations when a relative has undergone a difficult surgery and requires round-the-clock care. Unfortunately, you might not have the opportunity to do so, due to a lack of time. In this case, a home care service will be indispensable.
Such companies hire trained people who can help the patient to go through the process of postoperative rehabilitation successfully. For a patient, this period is challenging not only physically, but also psychologically. The reason for this is the discomfort caused by the exit from under anesthesia, pain, inability to carry out natural needs independently, and many other unpleasant moments that the patient has to face after surgery.
Competent care for the patient will help not only to prevent unwanted infection of wounds, and hence the emergence of inflammatory processes, but also to maximize the relief of their suffering. Creating a comfortable environment for the patient will help to avoid the problem of lack of independence in the postoperative patient.
Post-surgical rehabilitation is significant and is an essential step on the road to a full recovery at any age. In addition to the restoration of the body, the list of care interventions is also aimed at preventing the occurrence of dangerous complications. The duration of rehabilitation varies from a couple of weeks to several months. This depends on several conditions, among which is the age of the patient.
We, at All American Home Care, are ready to provide quality consideration to patients, at all phases of life, that need help and are inclined towards the solace and commonality that their home offers. Our caring, experienced professional helpers get our patients to appreciate a higher caliber of life and develop a feeling of certainty and fulfillment that rises above the customary customer/parental figure relationship. Much like our staff, we consider our esteemed patients as a part of our family—the consistently extending All American Home Care family.
Recovery of the body after surgery is particularly important for older people. Because of their physiological condition, they are more weakened and have fewer resources for quick recovery. Therefore, if you need any help with post-surgery recovery, All American Home Care is here to provide the best service for you and your beloved family members.